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中华文化专词双译|祭礼Jili (Sacrificial Ceremony)

来源: ag真人 添加时间: 2021年9月6日


Jili (Sacrificial Ceremony)



The sacrificial ceremony is one of the major rituals in the life of the Chinese. In ancient times, sacrificial ceremonies were held to show reverence for heaven, earth, the sun, the moon, mountains, rivers, or ancestors. By holding a sacrificial ceremony for such things or ancestors, people showed their respect and awe for them, which they hoped would protect and give blessings to themselves. The rites observed during the sacrificial ceremony reflected the social status of ceremony participants. Sacrificial ceremonies are still conducted today, but both the way they are conducted and their significance have greatly changed.

引例 Citations:

◎ 祭如在,祭神如神在。子曰:“吾不与祭,如不祭。”(《论语·八佾》)


When sacrifice is offered to someone, act as though someone is just in front of you. When sacrifice is offered to a god, act as though the god is present. Confucius said, "If I am not there at the sacrifice in person, it is as though there were no sacrifice held." (The Analects)

◎ 夫祭者,非物自外至者也,自中出生于心也,心怵而奉之以礼。是故唯贤者能尽祭之义。(《礼记·祭统》)


Offering sacrifice is not something compelled by external factors; rather, it is driven by one's inner emotion. It is reverence that makes a person to offer sacrifice. Thus, only a man of virtue fully understands the significance of a sacrificial ceremony. (The Book of Rites)

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供稿:北京外国语大学 外语教学与研究出版社



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