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中华文化专词双译|烦恼Fannao (Affliction)

来源: ag真人 添加时间: 2021年9月6日


Fannao (Affliction)



In Buddhism, "affliction" refers to the confused or upset state of mind owing to the turbulence in one's physical or mental being. It is actually a self-imposed bondage incurred by misunderstanding. A common man, due to his ignorance, takes his self as real and then attaches to things (to fulfill his own desires). The desires drive many kinds of conduct, which then result in karma and the involvement in the cycle of rebirth. In this sense, affliction is essentially human bondage. There are three basic kinds of afflictions: greed, resentment, and ignorance, also known collectively as "the three poisons." In Buddhism, there is a meticulous classification of various afflictions, for it is believed that only by careful observation and by identifying each sort could one release himself from such bondages.

引例 Citation:

◎ “烦”是扰义,“恼”是乱义,扰乱有情,故名烦恼。(释窥基《成唯识论述记》卷一)


Fannao (affliction) is glossed respectively by fan and nao: fan is being disturbed, and nao is getting disordered. It is so called because it confuses or upsets the sentient beings. (Shi Kuiji: Annotations on Collected Commentaries to the Perfection of Consciousness-only)

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供稿:北京外国语大学 外语教学与研究出版社



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